World Famous Agreements

Key point: Centuries later, we still remember how these treaties reseeded the world. The Charter of the United Nations was established as a means of saving “future generations from the scourge of war”. This is due to the failure of the League of Nations to resolve the conflicts that led to the Second World War. From then on, as early as 1941, the Allies made a proposal that included a new international body to maintain peace in the post-war world. The idea of the United Nations began to be articulated in August 1941, when U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter, which proposed a set of principles for international cooperation in the maintenance of peace and security. The term was first officially used on January 1, 1942, when representatives of 26 allied nations met in Washington D.C. and signed the United Nations Declaration endorsing the Atlantic Charter and setting out the Allies` united war objectives. On April 25, 1945, the United Nations Conference on the International Organization met in San Francisco, in which 50 nations participated. Three months later, when Germany capitulated, the final Charter of the United Nations was adopted unanimously by delegates. It was signed on 26 June; The Charter, which consists of a preamble and 19 chapters divided into 111 articles, calls upon the United Nations to maintain international peace and security, promote social progress and a better standard of living, strengthen international law and promote the expansion of human rights.

The principal organs of the United Nations, as set out in the Charter, are: the Secretariat, the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice and the Trusteeship Council. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948, is the result of the experience of the Second World War. With the end of that war and the creation of the United Nations, the international community pledged never again to allow atrocities like those of that conflict. World leaders have decided to complement the Charter of the United Nations with a roadmap to guarantee the rights of every individual everywhere. The document they were considering, which would later become the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, was taken up at the first session of the General Assembly in 1946. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (EMAR) is therefore a document that acts as a global roadmap for freedom and equality, protecting the rights of every individual everywhere. It was the first time that countries had agreed on the freedoms and rights that deserve universal protection, so that every individual could live his or her life freely, fairly and with dignity. Work on the UDHR began in 1946 with a drafting committee composed of representatives from various countries, including the United States, Lebanon and China. The drafting committee was then expanded to include representatives from Australia, Chile, France, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom, allowing the document to benefit from contributions from States from all regions and their different religious, political and cultural backgrounds. The first draft declaration was proposed in September 1948, with more than 50 Member States involved in its final preparation. By its resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948, the General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, with eight nations abstaining but none opposing it. The entire text of the UDHR was drafted in less than two years.

At a time when the world was divided into Eastern and Western blocs, it turned out to be a colossal task to find common ground, which would be the essence of the document. .

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