Which Two Countries Signed The Panchsheel Agreement

The agreement contains the provision that “does not interfere in the internal affairs of the other.” Panchsheel became the presiding principle of the Asian-African movement for equality and freedom against the dominant colonial and imperialist domination of the world. The United Nations has accepted the Five Principles as a code of conduct in international relations, with Dag Hammarskjold describing them as a reaffirmation of the United Nations` commitments and goals. On 11 December 1957, Yugoslavia, Sweden and India submitted to the United Nations a resolution containing the five principles; it was adopted unanimously. Unfortunately, even after the end of the Cold War, peace escapes the world and the forces of hegemonic domination cast dark shadows over the world. In this new context, the five principles have become of great importance for the management of international relations. Respect for the sovereignty and integrity of nations, non-interference in the internal affairs of nations, non-aggression, equality and peaceful coexistence have become the pillar on which a just and peaceful world order can be established. We now hear new doctrines of internationalism, the end of sovereignty and even the state itself, which is being promoted by the political theorists of the developed world. There is also the doctrine of a unipolar world in which a power or group of powers with enormous economic and military power tries to dominate it over the rest of the world. China and India believe in a multipolar world where power is spread over multiple centers, in a world of infinite diversity and differences in culture, language, religion, economic situation and political persuasion. Unipolar and interventionist theories and practices are unsustainable and stand in the way of a democratic and pluralistic world order.

The recognition of sovereignty, non-aggression and non-interference in the internal affairs of States, as well as equality, mutual benefit and peaceful coexistence, constitute the irreducible minimum on which a viable world order is based. As co-authors of the Panchsheel, it is the internationalist duty of China and India to move forward, revive their friendly relations and project the Five Principles for World Peace, Progress and Stability. .

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